Beaucerons are clever, powerful, gentle, and above all, intelligent. This brainy breed is well suited to search and rescue work, and almost all dog sports, including agility, rally, herding, obedience, and tracking. The French military used them to carry messages during World Wars I and II; many Beaucerons still serve as military, police, or family guard dogs.
Originally from France, this large-sized and high-energy breed can grow to between 70-110 pounds and lives an average of 10-12 years. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club and classified as a member of the Herding breed group.
AKC Recognized: Y
Breed's Original Pastime: Herding
Breed Group: Herding
Average Lifespan: 10-12 years
Size: Large/Extra Large
Bark Factor: Moderate
AKC RANKING n/a
AREA OF ORIGIN France
DATE OF ORIGIN 1500s
ORIGINAL FUNCTION Herder, guardian
TODAY'S FUNCTION Herder, guardian, police
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 25.5 - 27.5 Weight: 65 - 85
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 24.5 - 26.5 Weight: 65 - 85
OTHER NAME Berger de Beauce, Bas-Rouge
Energy level High energy
Exercise needs High
Playfullness Moderately playful
Affection level Moderately affectionate
Friendliness toward other dogs Shy
Friendliness toward other pets Shy
Friendliness toward strangers Shy
Ease of training Hard to train
Watchdog ability High
Protection ability Very protective
Grooming needs Low maintenance
Cold tolerance Medium tolerance
Heat tolerance Medium tolerance
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A BEAUCERON'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
Beaucerons are very smart, somewhat playful, and can be affectionate. This breed can be family-friendly: they are deeply devoted and loving toward their chosen people. They may get along with other family dogs and pets, but they tend to be suspicious of strangers on either two or four legs. Their patience and vigilance make them reliable guardians, but Beaucerons (like all dogs) do better playing with supervised children.
WHAT IS BEAUCERON BEHAVIOR LIKE?
Beaucerons make attentive and protective watchdogs. They can be somewhat prone to barking. This is a very active, spirited, and athletic breed, so plan for regular and rigorous exercise. They also love to chew, so be sure to stock up on rugged and safe toys — and discourage any tendencies toward nipping or gnawing on you!
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A BEAUCERON?
Beaucerons are brilliant dogs — they excel at problem-solving, memory, and learning tasks. They're easy to train, but like many herding dogs, they'll be happiest and healthiest with a job to do. Bored Beaucerons are prone to destructive behaviors.
Start training early and be firm and consistent. Reward your furry friend with play, food, and praise.
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO BEAUCERONS SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
Beaucerons have short, sleek double coats that are straight, coarse, and dense to the touch; their undercoats are equally dense. These dogs are frequent shedders who require weekly grooming. The Beauceron sheds twice a year; more frequent brushings during this time will help manage loose hair and keep furry tumbleweeds to a minimum. Bathe your buddy at least once a season.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO BEAUCERONS HAVE?
Like many larger dogs, Beaucerons can be susceptible to hip dysplasia. Keep an eye out for dermatomyositis, a hereditary condition that impacts the skin and muscles, and allergies as well.
Breed history has moved while this section is under construction. Please check out the first tab for fun facts about this breed's history. You can also read on to learn about this breed's ideal family situation.
ARE BEAUCERONS GOOD FOR PEOPLE WITH ALLERGIES?
The American Kennel Club doesn't list Beaucerons among its breeds recommended for allergy sufferers.
You can reduce your furry friend's impact on your allergies with frequent baths and brushings to reduce loose hairs and allergy-aggravating proteins in your pet's dander. Use a damp cloth to wipe off your dog after playing outside. Smaller dogs have less surface area, so they produce comparatively less dander than larger breeds — definitely something to keep in mind with a dog as large as a Beauceron! Remember that no breed is 100% hypoallergenic, and any breed can aggravate allergies.
WHAT'S A BEAUCERON'S BEST DAY?
A walk in the rain? Sure! A romp in a pile of leaves? Absolutely! A three hour game of fetch? Why not?! Any active time your Beauceron can spend with you is her dream.
SHOULD I ADOPT A BEAUCERON?
Look, we're not saying your Beauceron will help you solve crimes or anything...but we're also not saying she couldn't, if she really put her mind to it. This pup is one smart cookie, and she's ready for just about any adventure you can dream up. Well suited to both warm and cool weather, no matter what's happening outside, Beaucerons want to be out in it with you! You'll want to be sure you're ready to take on such a “ruff”-n-tumble companion: this breed is not for sedentary or first-time owners. But rugged outdoorsy types who have plenty of experience with canny canine companions might just be Beauceron-ready.
Have you decided that a Beauceron is the perfect dog for you? Why not be your new best friend's hero and adopt a rescue! Be sure to check out our article on what to expect when you're adopting a dog or cat.