Clumber Spaniel Guide

Sporting Dog Breeds

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The clumber spaniel is a long, low dog, rectangular in shape and with massive bone. This build, in combination with a deep chest, heavy brow and powerful hindquarters, enables the dog to move through thick underbrush when hunting. The coat is straight, flat, soft and dense, imparting resistance to weather. The white color helps the hunter locate the dog. The clumber tends to hunt close. It moves easily, tending to roll slightly because of its wide body and short legs. The expression is soft.

Among the most low-keyed and easygoing of sporting breeds, the clumber spaniel is nonetheless a hunter at heart, ever ready for a day in the field. At home it tends to be quiet and may even need to be goaded into exercise. It is one of the few sporting breeds suitable for city life, although it will relish walks and outings. The clumber makes a good pet, especially devoted to one person.

AKC RANKING 122

FAMILY gundog, spaniel

AREA OF ORIGIN England

DATE OF ORIGIN 1700s

ORIGINAL FUNCTION bird flushing and retrieving

TODAY'S FUNCTION bird flushing and retrieving, spaniel field trials

AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 19-20 Weight: 70-85

AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 17-19 Weight: 55-70

OTHER NAME none

Energy level Low energy

Exercise needs Low

Playfullness Moderately playful

Affection level Very affectionate

Friendliness toward other dogs Friendly

Friendliness toward other pets Very friendly

Friendliness toward strangers Friendly

Ease of training Moderately easy to train

Watchdog ability Low

Protection ability Not very protective

Grooming needs Moderate maintenance

Cold tolerance Medium tolerance

Heat tolerance Low tolerance

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The clumber enjoys a daily outing, but its exercise requirements can be met with a long walk on leash or a leisurely hike in the field. The coat needs brushing two to three times weekly, although in dirty areas it may need more frequent bathing in order to keep its coat a gleaming white. Clumbers tend to drool and, at times, snore.
• Major concerns: CHD, entropion
• Minor concerns: intervertebral disc problems, ectropion
• Occasionally seen: epilepsy
• Suggested tests: hip, eye
• Life span: 10 – 12 years
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The stockiest of the spaniels, the clumber is also one of the oldest, dating to the late 1700s. Although the exact derivation of the breed is unknown, it is likely that the old heavy-headed Alpine spaniel and the low-bodied basset hound played prominent roles in its development. The breed did not get its name until around the time of the French Revolution, when it is believed that the Duc de Noailles of France moved his spaniel kennels to the Duke of Newcastle's English estate, Clumber Park. Clumber spaniels appealed to the English nobility, who appreciated this slow-moving but especially keen-nosed hunter that was also an adept retriever. The breed was not readily available to commoners, because the nobility discouraged its popularity except among higher society. As befitting their high status, clumbers were among the earliest breeds to be shown. They came to America in the late 1800s. Their popularity has remained strongest in the field, although clumbers have attained high show honors. They remain generally unknown to the public despite their many attributes.
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