Manchester Terrier (Toy) Guide

Toy Dog Breeds

The toy Manchester terrier is a miniature version of the standard Manchester. As such it is sleek, racy, and compact. It is slightly longer than it is tall, with a slightly arched topline. Its gait is free and effortless, not hackney. Its expression is keen and alert, and its coat is smooth and glossy.

Although true to its terrier heritage when it comes to scrappiness and hunting instincts, the toy Manchester is among the gentlest and most sensitive of breeds. It is playful with its family, yet reserved, sometimes even timid, with strangers. The toy Manchester terrier is inquisitive and may chase small pets.

AKC RANKING 107

FAMILY terrier

AREA OF ORIGIN England

DATE OF ORIGIN about 1860

ORIGINAL FUNCTION hunting small rodents

TODAY'S FUNCTION companion

AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 10-12 Weight: <12 (6-8)

AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 10-12 Weight: <12 (6-8)

OTHER NAME English toy terrier, black and tan toy terrier

Energy level High energy

Exercise needs Low

Playfullness Very playful

Affection level Somewhat affectionate

Friendliness toward other dogs Shy

Friendliness toward other pets Shy

Friendliness toward strangers Shy

Ease of training Easy to train

Watchdog ability High

Protection ability Not very protective

Grooming needs Low maintenance

Cold tolerance Low tolerance

Heat tolerance High tolerance

This is not an outdoor breed. It enjoys a romp outdoors, but it hates the cold. Indoors, it appreciates a soft, warm bed. Coat care is minimal, consisting of occasional brushing to remove dead hair.
• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: lens luxation, Legg - Perthes, vWD
• Occasionally seen: epilepsy
• Suggested tests: eye, DNA for vWD
• Life span: 14 - 16 years
One of the preeminent dogs of England was the black and tan terrier, a breed valued for its rat-killing prowess since the sixteenth century. Rat-killing dogs were valuable not only for ridding homes of vermin but also for the entertainment value of betting upon how many rats a dog could kill in an allotted time. Manchester, England, was populated by workers who looked to their rat-killing contests and dog-racing contests for entertainment. It was only natural that eventually a cross between the black and tan terrier ratter and the whippet racer would be made, and the result was the dog known since about 1860 as the Manchester terrier. At times the Manchester terrier was considered no different from its black and tan terrier forebears, and it was not until 1923 that the name was officially changed back to Manchester terrier. Other breeds have probably been intermingled with the Manchester during its development, most notably the Italian greyhound. This may account for the breed's wide size range. An early standard of 1881 described the existence of a toy variety even then. The smaller dogs were in high demand, and breeders resorted to inbreeding to achieve even smaller specimens, which eventually led to exceedingly small frail dogs. Upon realizing the state of these dogs, breeders endeavored to breed a miniature, but not tiny, version. The result is the toy Manchester terrier. The AKC initially considered the Manchester and toy Manchester separate but interbreeding breeds. In 1959, they were changed to be two interbreeding varieties of one breed. Besides size, the toy Manchester differs from its larger counterpart in that cropped ears are not allowed. The toy Manchester terrier is also known as the English toy terrier.