Miniature Pinscher Guide

Toy Dog Breeds

The square-proportioned miniature pinscher has a compact, sturdy body with moderate tuck up and sort coupling. Its hallmark traits are its spirited animation, complete self-possession and high-stepping hackney gait. It is upstanding and alert. The coat is smooth, hard and short. It is among the most athletic of toy breeds.

Among the most energetic of all breeds, the min pin is a perpetual motion machine. It is busy, inquisitive, playful, bold and brash. It retains terrier-like traits and tends to be stubborn and independent. It can be scrappy with other dogs and may chase small animals. It is reserved with strangers.

AKC RANKING 19

FAMILY terrier, pinscher

AREA OF ORIGIN Germany

DATE OF ORIGIN 1600s

ORIGINAL FUNCTION small-vermin hunting

TODAY'S FUNCTION companion

AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 10-12.5 Weight: 8-10

AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 10-12.5 Weight: 8-10

OTHER NAME reh pinscher, zwergpinscher

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Energy level High energy

Exercise needs Low

Playfullness Very playful

Affection level Somewhat affectionate

Friendliness toward other dogs Shy

Friendliness toward other pets Shy

Friendliness toward strangers Shy

Ease of training Easy to train

Watchdog ability High

Protection ability Not very protective

Grooming needs Low maintenance

Cold tolerance Low tolerance

Heat tolerance Medium tolerance

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The min pin needs lots of activity. Because of its small size, its exercise needs can be met indoors or out; regardless, it needs several play sessions every day. It enjoys a romp outdoors in a safe area, but it hates the cold. This is not a breed to live outdoors. Its coat is virtually carefree, requiring only occasional brushing to remove dead hair.
• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: Legg – Perthes, patellar luxation
• Occasionally seen: PRA
• Suggested tests: knee, (eye)
• Life span: 12 – 14 years
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The miniature pinscher is not a miniature version of the Doberman pinscher. In fact, it is the older of the two breeds. Clues about the min pin's origin are scarce, but it is noteworthy that a cat-sized red dog resembling a min pin is depicted in a 17th-century painting. By the 19th century, several paintings include dogs of distinct the min pin type. These dogs probably resulted from crossing a small shorthaired terrier (German pinscher) with the dachshund and Italian greyhound. Many of the traits from these breeds can be seen in today's min pins: the strong body structure, feistiness and black and tan coloration of the German pinscher; the fearlessness and red coloration of the dachshund; and the elegance, playfulness and lithe movement of the Italian greyhound. Yet the miniature pinscher is more than the sum of its parts; it is perhaps the world's most energetic breed! These little German spitfires were developed into a distinct breed, the reh pinscher in the early 1800s, so named because of their resemblance to the small red German roe (reh) deer. Pinscher simply means terrier. The emphasis in the late 1800s was on breeding the tiniest specimens, resulting in crippled ugly dogs. Fortunately, the trend was reversed, and by 1900, the emphasis had returned to elegance and soundness. The min pin quickly became one of the most competitive and popular show dogs in pre-World War I Germany, but after the war, the breed experienced a plunge in numbers. Its future was left to those dogs that had been exported before the war. Its popularity continued to grow in America, and it received AKC recognition in 1929. Dubbed the king of toys, the min pin slowly accumulated admirers and is presently one of the more popular toy breeds in the United States.
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