The Komondor (plural: Komondorok) looks a little like an Old English Sheepdog had a baby with a mop. But their distinctive corded coats serve an important purpose: their hair acts as camouflage, allowing them to hide among sheep and surprise would-be attackers. Needless to say, this breed makes for a valuable guard dog.
Komondorok are an ancient breed — they're even mentioned in the code of Hammurabi, one of the oldest legal documents in the world.
Originally from Hungary, this large-sized and medium-energy breed can grow upwards of 80 pounds and lives an average of 10-12 years. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club and classified as a member of the Working group.
AKC Recognized: Y
Breed's Original Pastime: Guardian
Breed Group: Working
Average Lifespan: 10-12 years
Size: Extra Large
Bark Factor: Moderate
AKC RANKING 147
FAMILY livestock dog, sheepdog, flockguard
AREA OF ORIGIN Hungary
DATE OF ORIGIN ancient times
ORIGINAL FUNCTION sheep guardian
TODAY'S FUNCTION sheep guardian
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 27.5 Weight: 80
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 25.5 Weight: 70
OTHER NAME none
Energy level Medium energy
Exercise needs Medium
Playfullness Moderately playful
Affection level Very affectionate
Friendliness toward other dogs Shy
Friendliness toward other pets Very friendly
Friendliness toward strangers Shy
Ease of training Moderately easy to train
Watchdog ability High
Protection ability Very protective
Grooming needs Moderate maintenance
Cold tolerance High tolerance
Heat tolerance Low tolerance
BEHAVIOR & TRAINING
WHAT IS A KOMONDOR'S PERSONALITY LIKE?
Komondorok are protective and especially devoted toward children. This protective instinct means they can be somewhat suspicious of strangers, however. They make brave, loyal canine companions to their chosen people but will do best as the only dog in your heart and your home. This is a courageous and dignified breed.
WHAT IS KOMONDOR BEHAVIOR LIKE?
They're the busiest mops you'll ever meet. These moderately active dogs need daily exercise and room to run and stretch their legs. Komondorok are serious and hard-working — and like many dogs bred to be guardians, they can be a bit barky.
HOW EASY IS IT TO TRAIN A KOMONDOR?
This is a dog who will stare down hungry wolves from the middle of a sheep herd: you better believe they're
independent-minded and strong-willed. You'll need time, patience, and experience to train a Komondor. Make sure you keep this working dog busy or entertained: a bored Komondor is prone to be destructive and noisy.
Start training early and be patient and consistent with your pup. They respond well to food, play, or praise rewards. Frequent socialization while your Komondor is still young and small is essential.
CARE & HEALTH
HOW MUCH DO KOMONDOROK SHED AND WHAT ARE THEIR GROOMING NEEDS?
The Komondor sports a high maintenance hairstyle — their long white coat is dense and distinctively corded. They don't shed much, but their cords pick up a lot of debris. And those cords need separating, not brushing; plan to do this often (probably every day) to shake out dirt and discourage mats and tangles.
This breed has the heaviest fur of any dog — their coats alone can weigh fifteen pounds and have more than two thousand dreads.
WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS DO KOMONDOROK HAVE?
This is a generally healthy breed. Some Komondorok develop eye disease or hip dysplasia.
Breed history has moved while this section is under construction. Please check out the first tab for fun facts about this breed's history. You can also read on to learn about this breed's ideal family situation.
ARE KOMONDOROK GOOD FOR PEOPLE WITH ALLERGIES?
The American Kennel Club doesn't list Komondors among its breeds recommended for allergy sufferers.
You can reduce your furry friend's impact on your allergies with frequent baths and brushings to reduce loose hairs and allergy-aggravating proteins in your pet's dander. Use a damp cloth to wipe off your dog after playing outside. Smaller dogs have less surface area, so they produce comparatively less dander than larger breeds — definitely something to keep in mind with a dog as large as a Komondor! Remember that no breed is 100% hypoallergenic, and any breed can aggravate allergies.
WHAT IS A KOMONDOR'S BEST DAY?
These dogs need a job and someone to watch over, whether that someone is a human family member or just another sheep in the flock. Give your Komondor a challenge to live for every morning and she'll be a happy pup.
SHOULD I ADOPT A KOMONDOR?
Komondorok are recommended for experienced owners who live in cold or moderate climates. With enough exercise, they can adapt to apartment life, but they'll probably be happier with more room to roam about. Their independence and high grooming needs are serious considerations — you may want to spend time with some adult Komondorok before making the decision to bring one home. If you can commit to training, grooming, and keeping this gentle guardian, a Komondor might be just the dog to watch over you.
Have you decided that a Komondor is the perfect dog for you? Why not be your new best friend's hero and adopt a rescue! Be sure to check out our article on what to expect when you're adopting a dog or cat.