Aquarium Fish

Nutrition: Sample Diets for Freshwater Fish

posted: 05/15/12

When choosing a food, the first thing you need to know is what type of diet is natural to your fish. All fish fit into one of three categories:

- Herbivore — a plant eater

- Carnivore — a meat eater

- Omnivore — a consumer of both plants and meaty foods (the vast majority of aquarium fish fit into this category)

Many of the staple diets do a very good job of providing a broad range of essential nutrients required for good health. Variety in the diet is important to good nutrition and the well-being of your fish. Offering supplementary foods in addition to the 'staple' diet assures better nutrition, and enriches the diet of your fish with more tastes and textures.

While there are many high-quality foods available, we have had particularly good results with those foods and brands listed below. The list indicates whether that fish is classified as a herbivore (H), carnivore (C) or omnivore (O), and offers good choices for both the staple diet and supplementary diet. Some fish, such as African Cichlids, are listed as belonging to more than one category, depending on the particular variety. Make sure to research the dietary needs of the specific variety of fish you own.

African Cichlids (H) (O)

Staple Diet: Cichlid Omni Formula®; Life Line Omega 3, 20-African C.®

Supplementary Diet: Hikari Cichlid Complete®; SeaVeggies Cichlid® Flakes

Angelfish (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Frozen Blood Worms

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Barbs (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Bettas (C)

Staple Diet: Marineland Bio-Blend Betta®; Freeze-Dried Blood Worms

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Catfish (Juvenile) (H) (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: Hikari Sinking Wafers®; Freeze-Dried Brine Shrimp

Danios/Minnows (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Discus (C)

Staple Diet: Azoo 9-in-1 Blue Discus Pellet®; Jack Wattley Discus Formula®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Freeze-Dried Blood Worms

Fancy Goldfish (O)

Staple Diet: Marineland Bio-Blend Goldfish®; Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Life Line Herbivore Minced®

Gouramis (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Hatchets (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Livebearers (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Loaches (C) (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Freeze-Dried Brine Shrimp

Plecos (Juvenile) (H) (O)

Staple Diet: Hikari Sinking Wafers®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: Hikari Algae Wafers®; Seaweed Selects Pleco Passion®

Rainbowfish (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Rasboras (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

Sharks (Juvenile) (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

South American Cichlids (Juvenile) (C) (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Freeze-Dried Plankton

Tetras (C) (O)

Staple Diet: Aquarian Tropical Flake Food®; Hikari Mega-Tropical Frozen Food®

Supplementary Diet: TetraColor® Flakes; Ocean Nutrition Brine Shrimp Plus® Flakes

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