How do cats get roundworms?
Most cats will get worms -- nasty parasites that invade their systems -- at some point in their lives. Outdoor cats that hunt rodents can get roundworm from eating their prey; kittens usually get it via milk from their infected mothers. Even indoor cats may ingest an infected fly that finds its way into your home. That's scary, because people can get it too. Luckily, treating feline roundworm is fairly easy. Guarding against it, with the right prevention and a clean environment, will keep your cat and its owner in a roundworm-free zone.
What is Roundworm?
Roundworms are the most common form of parasites found in cats. They're large, averaging 3 to 6 inches (7 to 15 centimeters) in length, and round, as the name suggests. They infest a cat's intestines, hatch in its intestinal tract, and eventually migrate to the liver, bloodstream and lungs. Significant numbers of roundworms can be fatal for kittens.
Scientifically known as Toxacara cati, feline roundworm is contracted when cats ingest roundworm eggs containing larvae. Eggs reside in hosts, such as rodents, birds, cockroaches or earthworms eaten by outdoor cats. They can also live in the feces of infected cats, or in soil. Roundworm is usually transmitted to kittens in milk from a mother whose mammary glands are infected with larvae.
While outdoor cats are most likely to get roundworm, indoor cats aren't immune. They may eat an infected insect that introduces larvae into their systems. And an infected cat's feces can leave eggs in a litter box, potentially infecting other cats or humans.
Symptoms of Roundworm
Feline roundworm is easily recognizable. You'll see visible spaghetti-like strings in the cat's stool or vomit. Even if no intact roundworms appear, symptoms are distinctive. Kittens with roundworm look pot-bellied, and their stomachs feel hard. Yet, because roundworms deplete their food intake, infected kittens are actually malnourished and the rest of their bodies look thin.
Other signs of roundworm include vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, a poor appetite and a dull coat. Although kittens are most at risk, untreated roundworms can multiply and create an intestinal blockage in any cat, causing severe constipation.