Aquarium Fish

Parrotfish

posted: 05/15/12
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Parrotfish belong to the Scaridae family. The majority of these fish are classified in the genera Scarus, Cetoscarus, and Sparisoma. Most Parrotfish grow to well over 12 inches in length in an aquarium, and the largest member of this family reaches an adult size of over 60 inches in length in the wild. Parrotfish are closely related to Wrasse, and can be easily recognized by their distinctive beak-like teeth. These powerful teeth are used to bite and crush pieces of coral to extract algae and polyps for food. The crushed coral (sand) is then expelled from the gill openings of the fish.

Parrotfish are found throughout the world and are most commonly associated with coral reefs or lagoons. Most of these fish are found in shoals when younger, but as the fish grows to an adult size, it becomes more solitary. Parrotfish are known for their strange and unique behavior at night. These fish will rest in a secluded spot, and secrete an opaque or transparent mucus that surrounds their entire body in order to protect themselves from predators.

Most Parrotfish are relatively hardy aquarium specimens that adjust well to captivity if provided with plenty of swimming space. The ideal aquarium for Parrotfish is over 100 gallons, and contains plenty of coral skeletons to help keep their teeth worn down. Feed Parrotfish a varied diet of foods that contain plenty of Spirulina algae. Most Parrotfish males are more vivid in coloration than females.The breeding of these fish in an aquarium is extremely difficult due to their large adult size.

They are generally compatible with: Dwarf Angelfish, Large Angelfish, Anthias, Batfish, Boxfish, Butterflyfish, Clownfish, Damselfish, Filefish, Goatfish, Grunts & Sweetlips, Hawkfish, Hogfish, Parrotfish, Puffers, Squirrelfish and Tangs & Surgeons.

Caution is required with: Anglers & Frogfish, Basslets, Blennies, Cardinalfish, Eels, Gobies, Groupers, Lionfish & Scorpionfish, Pseudochromis, Sharks & Rays, Triggerfish and Wrasse.

They are not compatible with: Seahorses & Pipefish.

- Bicolor Parrotfish

- Bower's Parrotfish

- Princess Parrotfish

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