Aquarium Fish

Yellow Seahorse

posted: 05/15/12
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Yellow Seahorse
Courtesy of Drs. Foster and Smith
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The Yellow Seahorse is one of the larger seahorses and is also known as the Common Seahorse, Spotted Seahorse, or Oceanic Seahorse. It has a short crown which is directed backward. Hippocampus kuda actually comes in many colors including yellow, orange, brown, and even black. Some individuals may have spots. It is difficult to keep in an aquarium.

For the best results, seahorses should be kept in a separate, species-only tank that is 55 gallons or larger with multiple items which they can grab with their prehensile tails. The Yellow Seahorse reacts poorly to being harassed by other more aggressive fish such as: blennies, wrasses, tobies, triggerfish, and porcupinefish.

The Yellow Seahorse is a slow, deliberate feeder, so fast, aggressive fish will out-compete it for food. The Yellow Seahorse tends to get along with pipefish, but they are a slightly faster feeder than the seahorse and may not leave behind enough food. The Yellow Seahorse needs a diet featuring live ghost shrimp, grass shrimp, opossum shrimp, amphipods, and other small crustaceans. It may accept vitamin-enriched adult brine shrimp, but not as a steady diet. It may often be trained to accept nutritious frozen foods such as mysid shrimp.

Fish Facts

Name: Yellow Seahorse (Hippocampus kuda)

Family: Syngnathidae

Range: Indo-Pacific

Size: Up to 12 inches

Diet: Carnivore

Tank Set-up: Marine: Plant life, algae

Reef Compatible: Yes

Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4

Minimum Tank Capacity: 55 gallon

Light: Medium

Temperament: Peaceful

Swimming Level: Bottom

Care Level: Experts only

Reproduction: Pouch Brooder

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