Aquarium Fish

Yellow Tang

posted: 05/15/12
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Yellow Tang
Courtesy of Drs. Foster and Smith
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The Yellow Tang, also known as the Yellow Hawaiian Tang, Yellow Sailfin Tang, or Yellow Surgeonfish, has an oval bright yellow body. It is widespread throughout Hawaii to Indonesia and The Great Barrier Reef.

A 50 gallon or larger aquarium is necessary to provide plenty of swimming room. It is aggressive towards its own species, or Tangs in general, and it is best to keep only one per tank.

In its natural habitat, the Yellow Tang grazes on algae and small invertebrates. In the tank, it needs a varied diet high in beta-carotene and vitamin C, and low in protein matter. To maintain its bright coloration, however, it must keep to a strict herbivore diet to prevent fading. Therefore, the diet of the Yellow Tang should consist of dried and frozen herbivore food that contains marine algae, and vegetarian items such as Spirulina, zucchini, broccoli, leaf lettuce, and dried seaweed.

This is a very common, extremely popular, and hardy addition to any fish-only reef aquarium system.

Fish Facts

Name: Yellow Tang (Zebrasoma flavescens)

Family: Acanthuridae

Range: Central and South Pacific

Size: Up to 8 inches

Diet: Herbivore

Tank Set-up: Marine: Coral or rock, plants

Reef Compatible: Yes

Tank Conditions: 72-78°F; sg 1.020-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4

Minimum Tank Capacity: 50 gallon

Light: High

Temperament: Semi-aggressive

Swimming Level: No specific level

Care Level: Easy

Reproduction: Group Spawner

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